What is the difference between 6th CPC and 7th CPC?
The difference between 6th CPC and 7th CPC is illustrated in the table below in terms of their respective Terms of References. The Sixth Central Pay Commission was tasked with examining and establishing principles, as well as determining the effective date, governing the structure of pay, allowances, and other facilities or benefits, whether in cash or in kind, for several categories of employees. These included central government employees, both industrial and non-industrial, personnel belonging to the All India Services, the Armed Forces, Union Territories, officers and employees of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department, members of regulatory bodies established under Acts of Parliament (excluding the RBI), and officers and employees of the Supreme Court of India.
The goal is to modernize and professionalize Central Government Organizations, making them more citizen-friendly and dedicated to serving the people. In order to achieve this, a comprehensive pay package must be developed for the different categories of Central Government employees, with a focus on promoting efficiency, productivity, and economy by rationalizing structures, organizations, systems, and processes. This will help to ensure accountability, responsibility, transparency, assimilation of technology, and discipline. It is also important to align the functioning of Central Government Organizations with the demands of the global economic scenario while considering various factors such as employee benefits, rationalization, simplification, existing pay structures and retirement benefits, economic conditions in the country, fiscal prudence, resources of the Central Government, and demands on account of economic and social development, defence, national security, and global economic scenario. The impact on the finances of the States should also be taken into account before implementing any of these recommendations.
The 7th Central Pay Commission has been established to examine and determine the appropriate principles for structuring pension, death-cum-retirement gratuity, family pension, and other financial benefits for current and former Central Government employees appointed prior to January 1, 2004. Additionally, the Commission will provide recommendations regarding the general principles, financial parameters, and conditions for payment of bonus, as well as the feasibility of introducing a Productivity Linked Incentive Scheme to replace the current ad hoc bonus scheme in various Departments. The Commission may appoint advisers, institutional consultants, and experts as necessary, and may request information or take evidence from Ministries and Departments of the Government of India. The State Governments, Service Associations, and others concerned are expected to provide their utmost cooperation and assistance to the Commission. The Commission will be headquartered in Delhi and will submit its recommendations within 18 months from the date of its establishment. It may also provide reports on any relevant matters as necessary.
Cabinet approved TOR of 7th CPC 7th Central Pay Commission
The Union Cabinet today gave its approval to the Terms of Reference of 7th Central Pay Commission (CPC) as follows:-
a) To examine, review, evolve and recommend changes that are desirable and feasible regarding the principles that should govern the emoluments structure including pay, allowances and other facilities/benefits, in cash or kind, having regard to rationalization and simplification therein as well as the specialized needs of various Departments, agencies and services, in respect of the following categories of employees:-
i. Central Government employees-industrial and non-industrial;
ii. Personnel belonging to the All India Services;
iii. Personnel of the Union Territories;
iv. Officers and employees of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department;
v. Members of regulatory bodies (excluding the Reserve Bank of India) set up under Acts of Parliament; and
vi. Officers and employees of the Supreme Court.
b) To examine, review, evolve and recommend changes that are desirable and feasible regarding principles that should govern the emoluments structure, concessions and facilities/benefits, in cash or kind, as well as retirement benefits of personnel belonging to the Defence Forces, having regard to historical and traditional parities, with due emphasis on aspects unique to these personnel.
c) To work out the framework for an emoluments structure linked with the need to attract the most suitable talent to Government service, promote efficiency, accountability and responsibility in the work culture, and foster excellence in the public governance system to respond to complex challenges of modern administration and rapid political, social, economic and technological changes, with due regard to expectations of stakeholders, and to recommend appropriate training and capacity building through a competency based framework.
d) To examine the existing schemes of payment of bonus, keeping in view, among other things, its bearing upon performance and productivity and make recommendations on the general principles, financial parameters and conditions for an appropriate incentive scheme to reward excellence in productivity, performance and integrity.
e) To review the variety of existing allowances presently available to employees in addition to pay and suggest their rationalization and simplification, with a view to ensuring that the pay structure is so designed as to take these into account.
f) To examine the principles which should govern the structure of pension and other retirement benefits, including revision of pension in the case of employees who have retired prior to the date of effect of these recommendations, keeping in view that retirement benefits of all Central Government employees appointed on and after 01.01.2004 are covered by the New Pension Scheme (NPS).
g) To make recommendations on the above, keeping in view:
i. the economic conditions in the country and need for fiscal prudence;
ii. the need to ensure that adequate resources are available for developmental expenditures and welfare measures; iii. the likely impact of the recommendations on the finances of the State Governments, which usually adopt the recommendations with some modifications; iv. the prevailing emolument structure and retirement benefits available to employees of Central Public Sector Undertakings; and v. the best global practices and their adaptability and relevance in Indian conditions.
h) To recommend the date of effect of its recommendations on all the above. The Commission will make its recommendations within 18 months of the date of its constitution. It may consider, if necessary, sending interim reports on any of the matters as and when the recommendations are finalised.
The decision will result in the benefit of improved pay and allowances as well as rationalization of the pay structure in case of Central Government employees and other employees included in the scope of the 7th Central Pay Commission.
Background Central Pay Commissions are periodically constituted to go into various issues of emoluments’ structure, retirement benefits and other service conditions of Central Government employees and to make recommendations on the changes required.
What is the 6th CPC?
The 6th Central Pay Commission (CPC) was set up in 2006 by the Government of India to revise the salaries and pensions of all central government employees.
What is the 7th CPC?
The 7th Central Pay Commission (CPC) was set up in 2014 by the Government of India to revise the salaries and pensions of all central government employees.
What is the difference between the Term of References (ToR) of the 6th and 7th CPC?
The main difference in the ToR of the 6th and 7th CPC is that the 7th CPC has been mandated to review the pay structure of all central government employees, including those working in autonomous bodies and grant-in-aid institutions.
What is the scope of the 7th CPC ToR?
The ToR of the 7th CPC includes the following aspects of central government employees – pay, allowances, pension, retirement benefits, promotions, career progression, and other service conditions.
What is the significance of the 7th CPC ToR?
The 7th CPC ToR is significant as it aims to remove the anomalies that were created by the implementation of the 6th CPC recommendations, and provide relief to the central government employees who were affected due to these anomalies.