Govt Contribution to NPS & EPS – Monthly Benefits Explained
The National Pension Scheme (NPS) and Employee Pension Scheme (EPS) are supported by the government through monthly contributions. These contributions play an important role in ensuring the financial security of individuals in their retirement years. The government’s monthly contributions to these schemes are a reflection of their commitment to supporting citizens and helping them achieve a comfortable retirement. Without these contributions, many individuals may struggle to meet their financial needs in their golden years.
Percentage of monthly contributions of Government in National Pension Scheme (NPS) for all the Central Government employees
The Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS), 1995 is a ‘Defined Contribution-Defined Benefit’ Social Security Scheme managed by the Ministry of Labour and Employment. The corpus of the Employees’ Pension Fund is made up of (i) contribution by the employer @ 8.33 per cent of wages; and (ii) contribution from Central Government through budgetary support @ 1.16 per cent of wages up to an amount of Rs.15,000/- per month. All benefits under the scheme are paid out of such accumulations. The fund is valued annually as mandated under paragraph 32 of the EPS, 1995 and as per the valuation of the fund as on 31.03.2019, there is an actuarial deficit.
Amount of member’s pension under the Scheme is determined taking into account the pensionable period of service and pensionable salary as per following formula:
Pensionable Service x Pensionable Salary / 70
However, the Government, for the first time, in the year 2014, provided a minimum pension of Rs. 1,000/- per month to the pensioners under the EPS, 1995 by providing budgetary support, which was in addition to the budgetary support of 1.16% of wages provided annually towards EPS to Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO).
Further, National Pension System (NPS) is a contributory pension system which was introduced by the Government of India to replace the defined benefit pension system (Old Pension Scheme), vide notification number F. No.5/7/2003-ECB&PR, dated 22nd December, 2003. The NPS is administered under the PFRDA Act, 2013. NPS was made mandatory for all new recruits to the Central Government service from 1st January, 2004, (except the armed forces). This has also been rolled out for all citizens (resident or non-resident) aged between 18 and 70 years with effect from 1st May, 2009, on voluntary basis.
(b) The monthly contribution of Government in NPS for all the employees of Union Government was 10 percent of the Basic Pay plus Dearness Allowance w.e.f 01.01.2004 which has been enhanced to 14 percent of Basic Pay plus Dearness Allowance w.e.f. 01.04.2019.
(c) The monthly contribution of Government in NPS for all the employees of Central autonomous bodies under various Central Ministries was 10 percent of the Basic Pay plus Dearness Allowance w.e.f 01.01.2004 which has been enhanced to 14 percent of Basic Pay plus Dearness Allowance w.e.f. 01.04.2019.
(d) Earlier there was no provision under EPS, 1995 for restoration of normal pension after commutation. However, the Government vide G.S.R. 132 (E) dated 20.02.2020 notified decision for restoration of normal pension after completion of fifteen years from the date of such commutation in respect of those members who availed the benefit of commutation of pension under the erstwhile paragraph 12A of the EPS, 1995, on or before 25.09.2008.
(e) Government of India has taken a number of steps for streamlining NPS for Central Government employees. These include enhancement of Government’s contribution from the earlier 10% of Pay + DA to 14% of Pay + DA, freedom of choice for selection of Pension Funds and pattern of investment to subscribers, payment of compensation for non-deposit or delayed deposit of NPS contributions for any period during 2004-2012, tax exemption under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961, and increase in tax exemption limit for lump sum withdrawal on exit from earlier 40% to 60% of the amount due, making the entire withdrawal exempt from income tax. The contribution by the Government employees under Tier-II of NPS is covered under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961, for deduction up to Rs. 1.50 lakh for the purpose of income tax, provided that there is a lock-in period of 3 years.
Further, Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) is making constant efforts to make on-boarding of NPS subscribers, for all transactional activities under NPS including Exit from the system upon superannuation, an easier and comfortable experience through digitization of the activities like Direct Remittance (D-Remit) Facility for ease of contributions by the NPS subscribers, OTP based authentication to provide paperless on boarding experience, Offline Aadhar based KYC and regularly conducting Annuity Literacy Programs to create awareness of exit process and annuity schemes.
The above information was given by the Minister of State for Finance Shri Pankaj Choudhary in the Lok Sabha in a written reply on 1.8.2022.
What is EPS (Employees' Pension Scheme), 1995?
EPS, 1995 is a social security scheme managed by the Ministry of Labour and Employment. It is a ‘Defined Contribution-Defined Benefit’ scheme.
How is the corpus of the Employees' Pension Fund made up?
The corpus of the Employees’ Pension Fund is made up of the employer’s contribution at 8.33% of wages and contribution from the Central Government through budgetary support at 1.16% of wages up to a maximum of Rs.15,000/- per month.
Are all benefits under the EPS paid from the accumulations of the Employees' Pension Fund?
Yes, all benefits under the EPS scheme are paid out of the accumulations of the Employees’ Pension Fund.
How often is the fund valued?
The fund is valued annually as mandated under paragraph 32 of the EPS, 1995.
What is the current status of the fund's valuation?
As per the valuation of the fund as on 31.03.2019, there is an actuarial deficit.
How is the amount of member's pension determined under the EPS?
The amount of member’s pension is determined based on the pensionable period of service and pensionable salary. It is calculated using the formula: Pensionable Service x Pensionable Salary / 70.